KOH PHANGAN INFORMATION
Koh Pha Ngan Ecology
Koh Pha Ngan is situated on the north of Koh Samui in the Gulf of Thailand. It is approximately 12 kilometers from the nearest border of Koh Samui and 100 kilometers from the northeast of Surat Thani province. There are six islands in Koh Pha Ngan group; Pha Ngan, Tao, Tae Nok, Tae Nai, Ma, and Nai Yuan.
2/3 of the Koh Pha Ngan is mountainous and covered with dense forest. The part of the east is covered with the series mountains with open seas until to the mountain of Luang in Surat Thani and Nakorn Sri Thammarat. The beautiful gulfs and beaches located on the west side. 70% of Koh Pha Ngan is mountainous and significant source of rivers. The important mountain peaks are Kao Rha, 627 meters, which is the highest peak in the north, Kao Mai Ngam, 535 meters, in the south, Kao Tah Luang, 478 meters in the northwest, and Kao Lad Mai Keaw, 378 meters in the east of Koh Pha Ngan.
Koh Pha Ngan is tropical territory which is neighboring Koh Samui. It rain almost all year long due to it is covered with mountains. The ocean breezes has much influenced in this area. The southwest wind blows across the Indian Ocean and out of the northeast the winds of the south China Sea and the gulf of Thailand blow pass the island. The average mean temperature of the year is about 27.2c’ (80F). It’s usually doesn’t get any higher than 35.5c’ (96F) which happens in May and the lowest temperature is around 24c (75F) at the end of December or in the early January. There is just two seasons in Koh Pha Ngan, the rainy season and the summer season. The rainy season will start in May and continues until January. The wind will blow from three directions and it usually bring the clouds and rain which is influent occurs rain in the afternoon in each day. The summer season will starts near the end of February and continue until April. This time is the most pleasant time to visit Koh Pha Ngan. Sometimes during this time there is the south or southeast wind will bring in rain clouds which causes the monsoon for 5-10 days during November to January. This time is very dangerous to travel by boat.
Attraction Beaches ;
- Thong Sala - the island's "capital" and main ferry port.
- Chalok Lam - picturesque beach at the northern tip of the island.
- Haad Chao Phao - beautiful beach fringed by a vibrant coral reef, on the western part of the island.
- Haad Mae Haad - wide sandy beach joined to Koh Ma by a sand spit, which is a National Marine Park with some of the best diving and snorkeling on Pha Ngan; there is also a small village and a variety of resorts, restaurants and bars.
- Haad Salad - an idyllic cove with several high-end resorts on the north-western part of the island.
- Haad Rin (Hat Rin) - site of the famous Full Moon Party.
- Haad Yao - long white sand beach just north of Had Chao Phao, slightly more developed with more beach bars and restaurants
- Thong Nai Pan - scenic area on the north-eastern part of the island that includes the neighboring beach resorts of Ao Thong Nai Pan Yai and Ao Thong Nai Pan Noi.